“Right of a child in a society is absolutely sacred, for the future of the country depends upon character and destiny of a child. State has a great role in securing such destiny and character,” mentioned the CJI on 4th January 2018.
This is a very sensitive topic, especially in a country like India, It is very important for us to understand and stand upon the fact that children are the foundation of any country, today’s children are tomorrow’s youth and youth is the major contributor leading towards the development of the nation. Every child deserves a few basic rights. Every child must be given a fair chance to enjoy their childhood with all basic necessities rather than being asked to work for their daily livelihood. In Our country children are subject to a lot of malpractices such as, trafficking, child labour, and forced beggary etc.
They are abandoned. They do not get a chance to het basic education. Their place is not on the streets but they are left to fend for themselves on the streets. They even go through Violence. Healthcare is something which comes last in their list of survival, Yes for them survival is a big task. They live in a inhumane manner subjected to cruel treatments every day. Nobody remembers the fact that they are children – innocent, young and beautiful – who are deprived of their rights. Child rights are the most exploited in our country.
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) defines Child Rights as the minimum entitlements and freedoms that should be afforded to every citizen below the age of 18 regardless of race, national origin, colour, gender, language, religion, opinions, origin, wealth, birth status, disability, or other characteristics. We are unable to focus on the fact that nurturing the country’s children today, will help the nation to build youth of strong character and thus they will define the character of the country in the coming times.
The issue of child trafficking recently came out in the appeal of National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) against a Calcutta High Court order staying its proceedings in a case related to alleged gross violation of rights of orphaned children in West Bengal. A bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra stated that nothing can be more disastrous than selling of children in the name of adoption, the Supreme Court on 4th January 2018 sought response of all states on running of orphanages, the mode of adoption and the treatment meted out to children there .
“A child cannot be bartered away at the whims and fancies of the person in charge of an orphanage,” the bench, also comprising justices A M Khanwilkar and D Y Chandrachud, said.
This can be considered as a step towards a creation of Happy and Fair environment for underprivileged children in India. The court also expanded the scope of the plea filed by the NCPCR and ordered that all states, besides West Bengal, be made parties through their chief secretaries and sought their response within two weeks.
Another racket on child trafficking was busted on 14th February 2018 Seven children from Nepal were rescued and a man was arrested after a human trafficking racket was busted here by a team of Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), a senior official said on Wednesday.
Acting on a tip-off, the SSB rescued the children, who were being taken to Sonouli on the Indo-Nepal border, and arrested one Mahgu Kumar hailing from Rupendehi in Nepal, Deputy Commandant SSB Dilip Jha said. During interrogation, the arrested man revealed that he was supposed to hand over the children to his accomplice in Rajasthan in return for Rs 500 for each of them, the official said. Rs 500? Is that the price of a little innocent child who is hardly aware of anything? Shocking! Good that the children have been sent back to Nepal.
A big step towards improving the condition of children and women in India was taken a couple of days before on 28th February 2018. Again towards removing malpractices such as child and women trafficking, the federal anti-terror National Investigation Agency (NIA) will be India’s nodal authority to probe human trafficking cases, the government said on Wednesday after a Union cabinet meeting, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, cleared the Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill.
“We hope to introduce the bill in the budget session ,at present, the Indian Penal Code and the Immoral Traffic Prevention Act deal with trafficking, but the WCD ministry said that since it is an organised crime, a separate law is required. The new bill also addresses the need for immediate protection of victims.,” women and child development (WCD) minister Maneka Gandhi. Indeed it was the need of the hour to introduce such a bill. Great step towards making India.
The bill divides various offences into “trafficking” and “aggravated trafficking”. It says that trafficking crimes would carry a jail term of seven to 10 years, and aggravated trafficking crimes of at least 10 years in jail, extended to life imprisonment. Aggravated offences will include forced labour, bonded labour, forced surrogacy, use of narcotics to induce forced labour, trafficking in the garb of marriage and those that lead to a pregnancy or grave illness such as HIV/AIDS.
The pace at which we are moving might be slow but still is a huge success and great achievement. According to official data for 2016 it was concluded that more than 19000 women and children were being trafficked in India. The day we make it 0 will be day from when the real development of the country will start.
This is only one issue of child trafficking… What about the other ill-treatments and violence being suffered by children. ? Out of the many rights how many are we really able to provide them with? Our goal should be to provide all rights as mentioned by UNCRC, right to survival, right to protection, right to participation, right to development. Right to Survival includes Right to be born, Right to minimum standards of food, shelter and clothing, Right to live with dignity, Right to health care, to safe drinking water, nutritious food, a clean and safe environment, and information to help them stay healthy. Right to Protection includes Right to be protected from all sorts of violence, Right to be protected from neglect, Right to be protected from physical and sexual abuse, Right to be protected from dangerous drugs. Right to Participation includes Right to freedom of opinion, Right to freedom of expression, Right to freedom of association, Right to information, Right to participate in any decision making that involves him/her directly or indirectly. Right to Development includes Right to education, Right to learn, Right to relax and play, Right to all forms of development – emotional, mental and physical.
As it is rightly said that “The child is the Father of Man” , wakeup call is required and each and every days steps must be taken to provide children with all the rights that they deserve heading towards their better future which is also the future of the country.