Once you have been presented with the moot problem the first thing to do is to read it – very, very carefully! The only facts on which you can rely in presenting your case are contained in the problem. NEVER try to introduce facts into the problem which aren’t down there on paper. This is a surefire way of incurring the judge’s wrath!
A couple of readings of the problem should make clear to you the issues to be debated in the moot. Once these have been identified it is time to start your research.
When researching your case, always bear in mind that you are a team. It will save precious time if you research different points of law independently. That said, however, it is absolutely essential that you and your partner should work together as a team, and that each should have a complete understanding of the points researched by the other.
Preparing for Oral Arguments
Fortunately, most intramural competitions don’t require that you have to write a brief, but rather will provide a record of the problem and often a basic bench memo outlining possible arguments for each party. But where do you start with this information?
1. Read the materials
Familiarize yourself with the major legal and factual points of your case. If you’ve been given any example briefs or bench memos, review these very carefully. The goal of your oral argument is to state the best points for your side persuasively and forcefully, to clarify points not well made in the written materials and to address weaknesses in your case as well as counterpoints to your opponent’s arguments.
2. Know the facts of the case
You should know and understand every page that makes up the record. During oral argument, you should be the expert on the facts and be able to field any questions from the judges regarding the record.
3. Read the important authorities relied upon by each side
Some moot court judges will be familiar with at main authorities, so be prepared for questions on the holdings of these cases as well as the reasoning behind the relevant holdings. If you don’t have time to read the entire opinion, then read the court’s disposition on the issue, the relevant issue section and how the court applied their reasoning to the facts. At the very least, you need to be able to understand how this case applies to your case, how the facts are similar or different and how the court ultimately ruled.
4. Create a unifying theme
Choose a central theme to focus and strengthen your argument. A theme will set the tone for your oral argument, and you’ll want to return to it as you answer questions from the judges. As an advocate, you want to make that theme resonates so that the judges remember your central message long after you’ve left the room.
5. Prepare responses to likely questions
In addition to thinking about what questions you want to answer, play devil’s advocate. What are the weakest points in your case? What would you have most difficulty responding to? What questions do you dread? Spend time coming up with candid answers to all of these types of questions. Nothing is worse than seeming flustered after a question from the bench. And nothing looks better than giving a great answer to a question that the judge thinks will stump you.
6. Create a brief outline of your argument
Outline on a single sheet of paper, or on the inside of a manila folder that will be open in front of you at the podium. Include your major points so that you can use it as a quick reference – but do NOT write every word of your argument down.
Oral arguments are supposed to be a conversation between you and the court. It should be an interchange of ideas between you and the judges. This means that you want to maintain as much eye contact as possible and remain flexible so that you can engage in a dialogue with your panel.
If you want, you can write out your introduction as a bit of a security blanket. If you have time, it can be helpful to memorize the first minute or so because it will help you feel settled at the beginning.
In your outline – near the top and the bottom – be sure to include exactly what you are asking the court to do. That needs to be clear to you and clear to the judges, so it’s good to mention it during your introduction as well as provide a strong prayer for relief during your close.
While this seems a bit obvious, but it’s one of the most important parts of preparation. Run through it a few times by yourself without any interruptions or observers. This will give you an idea of what is working and what sounds good. You will likely find yourself revising your outline as you practice.
After practicing the arguments alone a few times, then practice in front of a friend or video tape yourself. Yes, I said it. Few of us like to watch ourselves on tape, but this can be a great way for you to see your nervous ticks and correct your problems.
Start Preparing Well in Advance
Don’t try to start these steps at 7 pm the night before the competition. Ideally, you’ll be able to work on steps 1-3 a week or two before the tryouts. The more times you’re able to read through the materials, the more familiar you’ll be with the facts and your strongest arguments. A few days before the competition, start working on steps 4-6. And the day before, revise the outline from step 6 as you practice. The more you’re able to practice, the more confident you’ll feel during the tryouts.