The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India, in exercise of powers conferred under Sections 196, 217 r/w Section 240 of I&B Code, 2016, has put forth certain regulations, called the ‘Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Grievance and Complaint Handling Procedure) Regulations, 2017’ to be applicable to grievances and complaints against service providers.
- Filing of grievance and complaint
- A stakeholder, who wishes to file a grievance, shall file it with the Board.
- A grievance shall state:-
(i) details of identity of the aggrieved;
(ii) details of identity of the service provider;
(iii) details of the conduct of the service provider that has caused the suffering to the aggrieved;
(iv) details of suffering, whether pecuniary or otherwise, the aggrieved has undergone;
(v) how the conduct of the service provider has caused the suffering of the aggrieved;
(vi) details of his efforts to get the grievance redressed from the service provider and why the response, if any, of the service provider is not satisfactory; and
(vii) how the grievance may be redressed.
- A stakeholder, who wishes to file a complaint, shall file it with the Board in Form A along with a demand draft for two thousand and five hundred rupees drawn in favour of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India payable at New Delhi or an online acknowledgement of two thousand and five hundred rupees paid to the credit of the Board towards fee.
- A grievance or a complaint, as the case may be, shall be filed within forty-five days of the occurrence of the cause of action for the grievance or the complaint, provided that a grievance or a complaint may be filed after the aforesaid period, if there are sufficient reasons justifying the delay, but such period shall not exceed 30 days.
- A grievance or a complaint shall be filed with the Board online, provided that a grievance or complaint shall be filed by mail at firstname.lastname@example.org or by post or hand delivery at the Office of the Board, until the Board provides a facility for online filing of grievances and complaints.
- Identity of the stakeholder
- A stakeholder filing a grievance, or a complaint shall disclose its identity in the grievance or the complaint, as the case may be, and also the identity of the authorised representative, who is authorised to file it.
- A stakeholder filing a grievance or a complaint, as the case may be, may request the Board to keep its identity confidential and in that case the Board shall keep it confidential unless its disclosure is necessary for processing the grievance or complaint or under any law.
- Registration number
- Where the Board is in receipt of more than one grievance or more than one complaint in the same matter, it may club such grievances or such complaints together for their disposal.
- The Board shall assign a unique registration number to every grievance and every complaint and communicate the said registration number to the aggrieved or the complainant within a week of its receipt.
- The Board shall not take any cognizance of any anonymous grievance or complaint.
- Disposal of grievance
- The Board may seek additional information and records from the aggrieved and information and records from the concerned service provider to decide if the grievance requires any redress by the service provider.
- The aggrieved and the service provider shall submit the information and records sought under subregulation (1) within fifteen days thereof.
- The Board shall close the grievance within forty-five days of its receipt if it does not require any redress.
- The Board shall direct the service provider to redress the grievance within forty-five days of its receipt if it requires any redress.
- Disposal of complaint
- The Board may seek additional information and records from the complainant and information and records from the concerned service provider to form a prima facie view whether the contravention alleged in the complaint is correct.
- The complainant and the service provider shall submit the information and records sought under sub-regulation (1) within fifteen days thereof.
- The Board shall form an opinion whether there exists a prima facie case within forty-five days of the receipt of the complaint.
- The Board shall close the complaint where it is of the opinion under sub-regulation (3) that there does not exist a prima facie case and communicate the same to the complainant.
- If the complainant is not satisfied with the decision of the Board under sub-regulation (4), he may request a review of such decision.
- The Board shall dispose of the review under sub-regulation (5) within thirty days of the receipt of the request for review by an order with an opinion whether there exists a prima facie case.
- Where the Board is of the opinion under this regulation that there exists a prima facie case, it may order an inspection under sub-regulation (3) of regulation 3, order an investigation under sub-regulation (2) of regulation 7 or issue a show cause notice under sub-regulation (2) of regulation 11 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Inspection and Investigation) Regulations, 2017, as may be warranted.
- Where the Board is of the opinion that the complaint is not frivolous, it shall refund the fee of two thousand five hundred rupees received under sub-regulation (3) of regulation 3.
- The Board shall periodically disclose summary statistics about receipt and disposal of grievances and complaints on its web site.
[Notification No. IBBI/2017-18/GN/REG/21]
Ministry of Corporate Affairs