On 12 April 2017, the Commission put up an Appeal on its website, requesting all stakeholders to present their views before the Commission, on rearing, maintenance, sale or any other relevant issues in this regard. The Commission received several responses, which have been summarised and annexed to the report. Further, the international practices were also gone into in detail. After detailed discussions, the Commission has finalized its Report No.269 titled ―Transportation and House-keeping of Egg-laying hens (layers) and Broiler Chickens‖, and is sent herewith for consideration by the Government.
On 2nd May, 2017, Letters have been written to all Chief Secretaries of the States and UT’s asking the various stakeholders by giving wide publicity to take part in the endeavour of the law commission and assist us in getting their opinion Comments have been received from organisations, restaurants, prominent individuals, retired members of the judiciary, medical practitioners, journalists and a poultry farm. The representations have stated the following: · The representation brought to the commission notice is the unhygienic conditions of the poultry industry and the effect of battery- cage confinement on the well-being of the birds. The need for better facilities of housing to ensure more free and natural movement of the birds. The increase of fatal diseases like cancer, etc. due to the unhygienic conditions the birds are kept in. The impact of these unhygienic conditions is on people who consume meat or eggs of such birds. · The cruel practices of the breaking of beaks and the killing of young male chicks in the industry.The practice of unnecessary feeding nontherapeutic antibiotics given to the birds (which eventually leads to antibiotic resistance) is only to counter the effects of cruel confinement in battery cages. The impact of slaughter and the unhygienic condition in industry is on human. The need for a humane system of rearing and 38 breeding lacks the necessary facilities in the poultry industry, and the necessity to end the battery cage facilities. Consumers ask for cruelty- free meat/ organically-produced eggs and the lack of such an existing trend in the larger market makes it difficult for seller‘s and hotel industries to cater to the business; advocacy of more humane treatment of the hens in this regard. · Requested for more compassionate handling of the birds in the poultry industry and appeals for ending of battery cage facilities. More natural environment of housing that allows the hens to perch and move about freely is a better alternative to the existing practice of battery cages. The practices to be used by the farming industry must be more human. The need for better farming techniques and an immediate change in the manner in which they are kept. The tremendous health impact of increasing antibiotic resistance in poultry-farm birds and the need to notify the Draft Rules. The reasons for ending battery cage confinement of the poultry-farm birds as it lead to the cruelty towards them and need an immediate intervention of Government with respect to Rules regulating the same to curb the inhuman practices. · the provisions of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, and the Food Safety and Standards Act that speak of ensuring the dignity and humane treatment of animals; appeal to end battery cage confinement of the birds and notification of draft rules for the purpose. Early notification of Draft Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Egg- Laying Hens) Rules, 2012, emphasizes the inhumane treatment of male chicks in the poultry industry. Related personal experiences when studying the poultry industry for journalistic purposes and detailed the cruelty and need for this cruelty to be curbed.