Two Hundred and Seventy First Report of the Law Commission of India, titled “Human DNA Profiling – A draft Bill for the Use and Regulation of DNA-Based Technology”.
Discovery of DNA is considered as one of the most significant biological discoveries during the 20th century owing to its tremendous impact on science and medicine. Of late, it is acting as a very useful tool of forensic science that not only provides guidance in criminal investigation and civil disputes, but also supplies the courts with accurate information about all the relevant features of identification of criminals. With a view to frame a legislation for the use and regulation of DNA-based technology in civil and criminal proceedings, and identification of missing persons and human remains, the Department of Biotechnology proposed a draft Bill titled “The Use and Regulation of DNA-based Technology in Civil and Criminal Proceedings, Identification of Missing Persons and Human Remains Bill, 2016”. The Draft Bill was forwarded to the Law Commission of India in September 2016 for its guidance. The draft Bill was thoroughly examined in the light of a plethora of judicial pronouncements and the constitutional provisions. Thereafter the Commission has devised a new draft Bill titled “The DNA Based Technology (Use and Regulation) Bill, 2017”